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20 Mind Blowing Facts About Andaman And Nicobar Islands You Didn’t Know.



The delightful Island called Andaman and its lovely sea shores, submerged miracles and antiquated area, Andaman and Nicobar islands are as yet the best spot to move away from everything.


Long legendary among voyagers for its beautiful sea shores, submerged marvels and primitive area in no place, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are as yet the best spot to move away from everything. The archipelago has around 572 islands of which simply 36 are available to sightseers. The island populace is a fascinating blend of south Indian and Southeast Asian pilgrims, just as Negrito ethnic gatherings on certain islands whose appearance here still has anthropologists confounded.


Adding to the interest is the entrancing environment that exists on the island – the fabulous coral reefs, the greatest crabs, the biggest turtles, the most dynamic fish and the most wonderful butterflies.


While the majority of us think about Andaman and Nicobar's incredible excellence and appeal, these emerald isles are interesting in more than one manner. Ptolemy and Marco Polo recorded the isles as home to furious man-trackers and Jean-Jacques Cousteau committed a film to them called Invisible Islands.


Here are 20 incredibly interesting facts about these islands.


1. The names ‘Andaman’ and ‘Nicobar’ are taken from the Malay Language.


The name Andaman is attempted to be gotten from Hanuman, who was referred to the Malays as Handuman. The name Nicobar is by all accounts a debasement of the South Indian term 'Nakkavaram' (Land of the Naked) as demonstrated in the incomparable Tanjore engraving of AD 1050.


2. The most widely spoken language on the islands is not Andamanese or Nicobarese.


The most widely spoken language on the islands is Bengali followed by Hindi, Tamil, Telugu and Malayalam. Andaman Creole Hindi is also widely used as a trade language in the Andaman islands.



3. Katchal Island received the first sun rise of the millennium.

Katchal, a tiny island near Nicobar was virtually unknown till the Royal Greenwich Laboratory declared that it would be the first inhabited place on earth to catch the rays of the first sunrise of the millennium. In the first postal issue of the year 2000, India Post issued a commemorative stamp depicting the first sunrise of the millennium at Katchal.


4. The largest sea turtles in the world nest here.


Andaman and Nicobar Islands have India's best settling sea shores for three types of marine turtles – Hawksbill, Green turtle and world's biggest ocean turtle, the Leatherback (Dermocheleys Coriacea). The settling populace of Leatherback turtles in Nicobar is one of only a handful of exceptional settlements that surpasses 1,000 people in the Indo-Pacific, and is henceforth of worldwide significance.



5. North Sentinel Island is home to one of the most isolated tribes of the world.

North Sentinel Island is home to one of the most disengaged human populaces on the planet. The Sentinelese, thought to number around 300, have repelled all contact with the cutting edge world and fire their bolts at any individual who draws near range. They are thought to have straightforwardly slid from the main human populaces to rise up out of Africa, and have likely lived in the Andaman Islands for as long as 60,000 years.



6. Dugong, the gentle sea cow, is the state animal of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Huge, stout marine veggie lovers with short, paddle-like front flippers, the delicate Dugongs can be discovered eating calmly on ocean grass in the warm waterfront waters of the Andaman and Nicobar Island. These listless animals, likewise called the 'holy messenger of the ocean', can be spotted at Ritchie's archipelago, North Reef, Little Andaman and portions of Nicobar.



7. Pandunus or Nicobar Breadfruit is a rare fruit found and widely eaten in Nicobar.

Pandanus is a thickly masterminded, wedge-formed natural product that has a tremendously hard, woody and sinewy body in which a few thin, consumable seeds are installed. Each segment has a beefy base that contains a fragrant mash that, in the wake of cooking, is a staple food in Nicobar. A monetarily significant plant in the islands, the stem parts of Pandanus are utilized in development, the leaves utilized for weaving mats and the hard outside of the natural product is utilized as a washing brush.



8. Commercial fishing is banned in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Commercial fishing has been prohibited around the Andaman Islands for over forty years. It is accepted that in these waters, fish presently pass on of advanced age. The turquoise waters encompassing these emerald island abound with a bounty of dolphins, whales, dugongs, ocean turtles, sailfish, ocean anemones, and other marine life.



9. The only active volcano in India, the Barren Island, is present in Andaman Islands

Fruitless Island is the main dynamic spring of gushing lava in India as well as the entire of South Asia. Found around 135 km north east of Port Blair, this little 3-km-wide island contains a 1.6-km-wide pit to some degree filled by a soot cone that has been the wellspring of emissions since the first was recorded in 1787.




10. The largest living arthropod in the world, Birgus Latro or Robber crab,

The Robber crab (Birgus Latro), additionally called the Coconut Crab, is the biggest land-living arthropod on the planet. They for the most part live ashore, yet at evenings move up the coconut trees and cut an opening into the delicate coconuts to eat the delicate bit. In South Asia, the biggest quantities of these colossal crabs are found in the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago. They can be spotted on the South Sentinel Island just as on certain islands in Nicobar.



11. The extremely narrow limestone Alfred Caves are home to Swiftlet birds that make edible nests.


The limestone Alfred Caves of Diglipur change their shape each rainstorm because of a synthetic interaction. These incredibly limited caverns are home to the Swiftlet birds that make an interesting consumable home. This minuscule earthy colored bird utilizes its own spit and connects its tacky home as a little cup against the most unavailable spots on the cavern dividers. Limestone caves with tapered rock developments can likewise be seen at Baratang.



12. The 20 rupee note depicts a scene from Andaman and Nicobar islands.


At any point saw the landscape on a 20 Rupee note? The picture of a beautiful inlet fixed with lavish plant life caught on the red-hued note is the North Bay Island and a similar view can be see en route to Mount Harriet. Mount Harriet is the second most elevated top in the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago.



13. A penal settlement, including the dreaded Kala Pani Jail (Cellular Jail), was established here by the British after the revolt of 1857.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands were excessively distant such that they turned into the feared Kala Pani punitive province for Indian political dissidents under the British. The Cellular Jail was worked to disengage the detainees from the external world – the detainees were kept in lone cells and made to work for extended periods of time on a hand driven oil extractor made of iron. Today, the prison is available to sightseers, and has a light and sound show in evening.



14. Baratang in Andaman is the only place in India with mud volcanoes.


As per available records, the first observed mud volcano explosion was observed in March 1983 in Nilambur Village in Baratang Island. A mud volcano is formed by emission of depressurized pore water and natural gases from decaying organic matter underground, accompanied by loud explosions and fire flares. This gradually forms a miniature volcano with rich, creamy mud crater at the top.


15. Jal Hans, India’s first commercial seaplane was launched in the Andaman Islands

Sea planes are land and/or water capable airplanes that can take off and land on water and just as ashore. Considering it the Jal Hans, government-possessed Pawan Hans dispatched India's first seaplane activity in Andaman and Nicobar Islands in 2013. Jal Hans is an eight seater Cessna 208 A that is fitted with current route highlights, can venture out up to 250 km in an hour and can likewise arrive on ground.



16. Ross Island was once an important headquarter for the British and the Japanese.

The Ross Island was the erstwhile British headquarter for the most of the Andaman Islands from 1858 till it was rocked by an earthquake in 1941. In 1941, the Japanese changed over the site into POW camp, and constructed war establishments, leftovers of which can in any case be seen. Presently heavily influenced by Indian Navy, the island with its wilderness clad pilgrim ruins and unpleasant World War II passages, is a famous place of interest.



17. At Havelock Island, one can kayak through dense mangroves to reach the open sea

With their very own biological system, the kayaking through the mangroves is an astonishing way of review the Havelock island's extraordinary untamed life. Going about as both a nursery just as a favorable place, the mangroves have countless life structures like shrimps, green growth, barnacles, clams, wipes, mud lobsters and mangrove crabs to give some examples.



18. India’s southernmost point, the Indira Point, subsided by 4.25 metres during the 2004 Tsunami

A flying perspective on the harmed shoreline of Indira Point, India's southern most point, 600 km (around 375 miles) south of Port Blair, in the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago March 1, 2005. The tidal wave which overwhelmed Asian shores a little more than two months prior not just killed great many individuals in India's Andaman and Nicobar islands, it additionally hurt an indispensable piece of the nation's protections.


India lost key land to the 2004 torrent perpetually as huge stretches of its southernmost tip, the Indira Point, around 120 km from the Indonesian shores, stay submerged a long time after the mammoth cataclysmic event. Situated at 6o 45′ N scope, Indira Point was earlier known as the Pygmalion Point.


19. Little Andaman has two island waterfalls, White Surf Falls and Whisper Waves, that are straight out of a story book.

Whisper Waves

White Surf Falls


There are two beautiful waterfalls on the Little Andaman island – the White Surf waterfall which is 6.5 km from Hut Bay Jetty and the Whisper Wave, which is 20 km from the same. One can take an elephant safari or trek through the verdant forests of the island to reach the pristine waterfalls.


20. Andaman and Nicobar Island has India’s first and only joint tri-service defence command.

The area of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands rides one of the most basic maritime and exchange gag focuses on the planet. The Andaman and Nicobar Command is India's solitary joint tri-administration order, with turning three-star presidents from the Army, Navy and Air Force revealing straightforwardly to the director of the Chiefs of Staff Committee. It likewise the point of convergence for Indian commitment with provincial naval forces in Southeast Asia.


By and large, Rajendra Cholla I of the Tamil Cholla line too had vanquished the Andaman and Nicobar Islands to utilize them as a key maritime base to dispatch a maritime endeavor against the Srivijaya Empire of Indonesia. The islands had additionally given a transitory sea base to boats of the Maratha Empire under Admiral Kanhoji Angre in the seventeenth century.


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